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How to close a JFrame and open it consequently, without exit the JVM/entire application? I want that only the JFrame be exited and opened immediately, without close the JFrame1 nor principally exit the JVM/entire application. I want do it with a JButton.

I want a JButton this way: JButton("I close this JFrame and open this immediately, so that the constructor is executed again, without exit the JVM/application");

What I want but I don't know how to do is: I need a method that closes the JFrame window the same way when you click on the "x" of a window. Would be as follows: JFrame.close(); //like the "x" of a window JFrame.setVisible(true)


The print of JFrame functionality is here:
enter image description here


Best Answer:

Don't show a "sub" JFrame, since an application usually only displays one JFrame. The job you're talking about, that of a window that is dependent on a parent window is what a modal or non-modal JDialog is for, a window that if closed will never cause the application to exit. Although having said this consider other alternatives too such as using CardLayout to swap JComponents or a JTabbedPane.

And please understand that a JDialog can display a GUI just as complex and rich as that displayed on any JFrame.

Edit, regarding:

I have a JTable at JFrame, and yes, i want instatiate the JFrame again to show a different state of GUI, closing and opening the JFrame, because the code is on its constructor.

Code can be moved out of constructors. For change in state in a GUI, I strongly suggest that you use a CardLayout. Put your JTable in a JPanel, and then swap JPanels held by your JFrame's contentPane. User interfaces are much smoother if you don't have windows popping in and out of view.

Edit 2
OK, if you want to show a window that edits a row of a JTable, what I would do would be to create a JPanel that holds the data from the row in JTextFields, then display the JPanel in a JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(...), and then use the data held by the JTextFields to edit your JTable row. I would not create a separate JFrame for this.

Edit 3For example:

import java.awt.BorderLayout;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.DefaultTableModel;
public class Foo1 extends JPanel {
   private static final String[] COLUMN_NAMES = { "Foo", "Bar", "Licious" };
   private static final Object[][] DATA = { { 1, "Abaddon", "A" },
         { 2, "Beelzebub", "B" }, { 3, "Chuck", "C" }, { 4, "Dagon", "D" },
         { 5, "Eisheth", "E" }, {6, "Forneus", "F"}};
   private DefaultTableModel tableModel = new DefaultTableModel(DATA,
   private JTable table = new JTable(tableModel);
   public Foo1() {
      JPanel bottomPanel = new JPanel();
      bottomPanel.add(new JButton(new EditRowAction()));
      setLayout(new BorderLayout());
      add(new JScrollPane(table));
      add(bottomPanel, BorderLayout.PAGE_END);
   private class EditRowAction extends AbstractAction {
      public EditRowAction() {
         super("Edit Row");
         putValue(MNEMONIC_KEY, KeyEvent.VK_E);
      public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent arg0) {
         int rowIndex = table.getSelectedRow();
         if (rowIndex != -1) {
            Object[] row = new Object[table.getColumnCount()];
            for (int column = 0; column < row.length; column++) {
               row[column] = tableModel.getValueAt(rowIndex, column);
            MyRowPanel myRowPanel = new MyRowPanel(row);
            int result = JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(Foo1.this, myRowPanel,
                  "Edit Row Information and Press "OK"", JOptionPane.OK_CANCEL_OPTION, JOptionPane.PLAIN_MESSAGE);
            if (result == JOptionPane.OK_OPTION) {
               for (int col = 0; col < row.length; col++) {
                  tableModel.setValueAt(myRowPanel.getFieldText(col), rowIndex,
   private class MyRowPanel extends JPanel {
      private JTextField[] textFields;
      public MyRowPanel(Object[] row) {
         textFields = new JTextField[row.length];
         for (int i = 0; i < row.length; i++) {
            textFields[i] = new JTextField(String.valueOf(row[i]), 10);
      public String getFieldText(int index) {
         // check first that index is not out of range and throw exception if it
         // is
         if (index < 0 || index > textFields.length) {
            throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException("for index = " + index);
         return textFields[index].getText();
   private static void createAndShowGui() {
      Foo1 mainPanel = new Foo1();
      JFrame frame = new JFrame("Foo1");
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
         public void run() {

Edit 4 regarding:

Yes, I understand your point and it really works, this is, i will identify the row that was edited and replace with the newer values. But in reality, I want to refresh to persist the real data on the database, not to do a makeup "to edit" JTable.

OK, so then in my code example above, I'd create a PreparedStatement immediately after showing the JOptionPane and inside of my if block, and with it call executeUpdate on the PreparedStatement (but of course in a background thread).

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